Performance CDI by "Jaguar"



CDI
 

Years ago I owned the international version of the Kawasaki KDX 200 which was a great dirt bike and had a broad enough powerband to also be good on the street. When the CDI went bad I was told about a man that repaired them. He showed me how to dig into them in order to replace the SCR and charge capacitor which are the two parts normally going bad. Being an electronics technician (since 1977) I then figured out the schematic for it and the values of all parts used in it. Then I tinkered around with different values of parts in order to get more mid range power and get more top rpm. I settled on adding 10% more capacitance to the part of the circuit which determines the timing curve. I used that CDI both on the street and on the motocross track. It worked great! I also experimented with different values for the main charge capacitor, the one that holds the peak voltage from the magneto coil. Standard was 1.5uf and at 2uf the ignition system (and engine) would lose power at high rpm. That makes sense because there is a delay time for charging the capacitor and the higher the rpm the less time is available to charge the capacitor. On the Grubee engine 2uf will not allow the engine to run at all. That is because the magneto coil, which develops voltage as the rotor magnet rotates, has more winding resistance and less voltage than the KDX motorcycle. So then I tried a lower capacitance and tested it on the street with amazing results. One uphill street I tested on allowed 14.5mph with the smaller capacitor. With an even smaller capacitor it went 17.5mph! That means the lesser capacitance was charging to a higher voltage which translates to more voltage and current at the spark plug. (More capacitance charges slower and to a lesser voltage level if not given enough time to fully charge. Less capacitance charges quicker and to a higher voltage in the same amount of time.) A CDI ignition system is all about voltage. The positive voltage from the magneto coil charges the capacitor which is manipulated into a negative spike of voltage of the same amplitude to the ignition coil which multiplies it into thousands of volts sent to the spark plug.

Jaguar CDI

Comparison to the standard Grubee CDI: On one long uphill I use for testing my bike went 20.5mph up it. 15 minutes later with the modified CDI the mph increased by 10% to 22.5! And at high rpm the standard Grubee CDI allowed too much engine vibration. The new Performance CDI cut that in half for a much more pleasant ride. Since more engine power is derived from an increase in spark power then I figure the Performance CDI has 133% more spark power! [read more] This data is from the research paper "Devices to improve the performance of a conventional two-stroke spark ignition engine" which includes these statements: "With the high energy ignition system, combustion stability is improved due to high spark discharge, which initiates the combustion process more effectively at higher compression ratios and with leaner fuel-air mixtures compared to the normal ignition system. At a high compression ratio of 9:1, with lean fuel-air mixture (A/F=15.2), the maximum improvement in brake thermal efficiency obtained with this high-energy ignition system is 16.5% (at 2.76 kW, 3000 rpm)" (Thermal efficiency is the ratio between the mechanical power output and the heat content of the fuel consumed.) Using an electrical tester I made that puts 100 volts into the CDI as the charge voltage I measured a maximum spark gap with the standard Grubee CDI/coil of 1.5mm, and with my Performance CDI with KX80 ignition coil the maximum gap was 4.7mm, and with the CR80 coil the gap was 10.3mm!

So this is a motorcycle CDI which has selectable timing curves and a smaller charge capacitor to accommodate the weaker magneto coil voltage. It has four wires, two which connect to the blue and black wires from the stator coil, and two which connect to the ignition coil. Two of the wires need to be soldered to their mating wire and then the heat shrink tubing shrunk over the exposed metal for good insulation. For connection to my bicycle frame I just use double sided foam tape and electrical tape. I ride on bumpy roads and it stays in place. The ignition coil is held in place with a hose clamp. To connect the ground wire to a grounded frame ignition coil you'll need a 1/4" diameter bolt, nut, and washer. Below is a drawing showing how to connect to the ignition coil.

CDI wiring

Here is how to wire your own kill switch. This is the standard way which is to use a switch to ground out the stator coils output. The switch you can use with this method may be a miniature toggle switch or a larger rocker switch.  Mouser Electronics sells a waterproof switch for $2.34 that you can use if your ride is exposed to much rain. Or you can use a regular switch so that its toggle is facing down so that raindrops will not enter the switch there.


 

CUSTOMER FEEDBACK:

"Micheal, I just came back from a test ride, and I am very pleased with your CDI's performance. The power feels smoother and it feels like I have more top end. The bike runs like I visioned it would when I started the build. I don't think I could ask more from a single cylinder. I am very happy, will spread the word, recommend it to everyone, and after the Death Race I hope you will get more orders when I beat the Morinis." 

"I want you to know that your CDI works GREAT!  The motor pulls strongly at low and high RPM's.  Thank You!" 

"Now there are no more misfires which were common with the stock coil, and about an extra 1500 rpm! Also a noticeable difference in acceleration and power as my engine no longer sputters along. It was a good investment, worth every penny!"

"ALL my engines have had a consistent problem with bottom connecting rod bearing failure, but this was largely attributed to the standard CDI giving an ever increasing spark advance with increasing rpm's. Since fitting the Jaguar CDI I have not had any more bearing failures; in my case, the only reason why all 7 engines failed. All these engines failed at around the same time; between 700 and 750 kilometers [around 450 miles] - surprisingly consistent, and my oil/fuel ratio is 20:1 with the old engines and the new engine. With the Jaguar CDI I now have approx 3,000 kilometers on the 8th engine which was rebuilt with a new crankshaft, although the new crankshaft is of the crowded roller design."

[more testimonies]

Questions & Answers

Other than having a weaker spark and more engine vibration why shouldn't I stick to the stock CDI? Because its excess ignition timing advance at high revs can cause excess engine heat (read more) and wears out the crankshaft and conrod bearings too quick due to excess combustion pressure because with the standard CDI the pressure peaks around TDC instead of 10-15 degrees after TDC when it should. Its peak is higher because at TDC there is less volume between the piston and the head. Less volume for the same amount of air/fuel being burned means more pressure. This pressure is used as an engine brake, at the expense of your bearings.

What if I feel inadequate to properly set the switches to an optimal position? Then just leave the switch positions as they come because they are set for engines that haven't had their exhaust port raised for higher RPM.

Which engines can the Jaguar CDI work on? Any of these small two stroke Grubee engines that have a two wire output from the magneto stator coil to the CDI. It don't work with ignition systems that rely on battery voltage. My 48cc also has a third output wire (white) for use with a lighting system. This CDI does not affect it at all.

Does it matter whether or not the engine is modified? Not at all. It improves performance of both modified and non-modified engines. But engines modified to rev higher will benefit even more. There is one modification I recommend for all users of this CDI if you don't have the "slant" angle fire head (which has more compression); remove metal from the head mating surface to increase compression. This CDI has less peak timing advance because it is the perfect match for engines with more compression. Click here to read about how to do it.

Which motorcycle high voltage ignition coils will it work with? Any motocross coil should work but I've only used ones from the small MXers because they are smaller. 
(The KX coil is the smallest but the CR80 coil gives the meanest spark.) 

Is there any possibility of danger to my engine by using this CDI? No because all of the timing curve of this CDI is less advanced than the standard CDI so it actually enhances engine reliability. It does increase head temperatures a bit though because of more consistent combustion due to the stronger spark. It's best to make sure the carbs main jet is not too lean, and use a cold #7 or #8 NGK plug. To double check everything you can always buy a digital head temperature gauge for $40 from JNMotors.

Does my spark plug need the screw-on nipple that was taken off to work with the spark cap supplied with the engine? Yes, you will need that to match the motorcycle spark cap. If you don't have one then splurge and buy an iridium tipped spark plug to give you the best performance.

Do you offer any kind of guarantee with this? Of course. If you aren't satisfied (or you can't get it to work) then return it for a refund. Also you can return it if it fails within 6 months.

How can I test it to see that it produces a hotter spark? Just take out the spark plug, connect it to the spark plug cap, hold the spark plug onto the cylinder head so that it is grounded, and with dim lighting (best at night) push the motorbike and you will see the actual spark. Do this same routine with the standard ignition system before changing to this new system so you will have a point of comparison.
Here is a video showing the Jaguar CDI and Kawasaki motocross coil sparking a gap 5 times normal. Normal is .025" and the gap with the ground electrode bent out is .12" on this plug. The voltage source is the normal Grubee magneto rotated by an electric motor to power a Grubee stator coil. Read more

How do you know the timing curve change you made is all good? It is "good" because it is adjustable which allows the possibility of peak performance. It can only be "bad" if you do a crappy job of matching the switch settings to your engine setup. Lucky for you I give recommendations on which jumpers to use. I used my modified KDX CDI on my KDX200 both on the street and at the races for years and nothing bad ever happened and it gave better power. I have had it on my motorized bicycle for over two years now and it just keeps performing day after day after day!

Shouldn't ignition timing be advanced at high rpm since there is less time available for combustion to peak at 10-15 degrees ATDC (the ideal spot for peak pressure to occur)?
Although there is less time available, because of greater intake/transfer turbulence, the combustion happens faster. Admittedly though the shorter combustion time doesn't shorten as much as the shorter degrees time.
There is a balancing act going on with the correct ignition delay.
As rpm rises the fuel/air delivery ratio decreases leaving less power derived from each combustion cycle, but there is more mechanical pumping losses (if the ignition timing remains the same) to counteract.
So retarding (delaying) the ignition at high rpm is a balance between reducing pumping losses without excessively delaying peak combustion pressure past the ideal 10-15 degrees ATDC (which reduces usable power).
The result is that some power is lost due to the peak pressure happening past 15 degrees but there are also two advantages to ignition delay. One is that less heat is transferred to the head/cylinder/piston for less likelihood of piston seizure, and the other is that the exhaust gases become hotter which causes the sound wave in the expansion chamber to travel faster and return to the cylinder faster, better matching the lessened cycle time which results in a broadening of the powerband due to the expansion chamber.

Why does a 4 stroke engine need the ignition timing the most advanced at high rpm?
As rpm rises the delivery ratio reduces which, contrary to how a 2 stroke is, also reduces pumping losses. That is because there are no remaining exhaust gases, as a 2 stroke has, to fill the cylinder to make up for the reduction of fresh fuel/air delivered. Also there is no pressure wave returning from an expansion chamber to cause more cylinder pressure (causing more heat). Since the power strokes happen half as often as in a 2 stroke (given the same rpm) there is less potential for piston seizure. And since they don't have expansion chambers there is no point in making the exhaust gases hotter to lengthen the engines powerband. The latest technological recommendations is for some timing delay at high rpm for 4 strokes, but not near as much as a 2 stroke needs.

Up to what RPM is the Jaguar CDI good for? Up to over 11,000 (which is the limit of RPM with my CDI tester).

Comparison to competitors CDI: The "Lightning" CDI maintains the overly advanced timing curve which makes the engine run too hot and is hard on the bearings. Also, along with high engine compression, excessive ignition timing can cause detonation. The competitors may be OK for stock engines (power-wise) but is terrible for modified engines. The Jaguar CDI is better for both stock and modified engines because it is completely tunable to match the engine. Here is a graph showing the difference in timing curves:

 

The Lightning is too advanced at low RPM (possibly allowing backfire when starting) and too advanced at highest RPM (adding to engine heat, detonation, wearing out bearings prematurely).

Here is a picture of a piston with only two hours of running in an engine with detonation. Aluminum leaves the piston top and sticks to the cylinder head and to the cylinder (leading to seizure).


Here is Speed Concepts ignition curve analysis guide as a Word document: Guide

Here's a picture of me with a second place trophy in Paraguay after racing my KDX200 with modified CDI against the country champion in the "enduro bike" division:
 

2nd place


Can I use any motocross CDI? Not likely. Most all others make use of a sensor in the magneto system for telling it when to send the voltage pulse to the ignition coil. The Chinese engine doesn't have that.

What if I don't know how to solder? Then read these online soldering tutorials for beginners:
http://www.epemag.wimborne.co.uk/solderfaq.htm#howto
http://www.epemag.wimborne.co.uk/desolderpix.htm
http://www.epemag.wimborne.co.uk/solderpix.htm
For a soldering iron I recommend any that outputs at least 35 watts. And use any good cheap .05" diameter solder. Or you can use crimp connectors but I don't recommend that because they corrode which lessens conductivity at the connection.

How do I insulate the exposed connection afterwards? Included with the CDI is 4 pieces of heat shrink tubing (available also at Radio Shack). Please put the black heat shrink tubing on one of two wires before soldering them together. Then slide the tubing over the exposed solder connection and move the soldering iron back and forth over it so that the heat causes it to reduce its diameter and provide a tight seal over the metal.

What if I need to extend the CDI wires to be longer than they are? Just buy these to extend your wires: Hookup Wire (22AWG), Heat-shrink Tubing.

What if it stops working and I would rather troubleshoot it and fix it myself instead of sending it back for a replacement then what should I do? Go to this page for instructions.

Warning: If you use a spark plug with resistance (such as Iridium plugs) then you need to use a non-resistor spark plug cap. Otherwise the spark current will be reduced for a weak spark. If you have a non-resistor spark plug then you need to use a spark plug cap with resistance (5K ohm). Without it the excess spark current may burn out your high voltage coil.

You can order the CDI directly from me with or without high voltage coil. You can buy your own high voltage ignition coil made for a Honda CR or Kawasaki KX, new or used on EBay (if they offer a guarantee). Click here to buy the Performance CDI.



Click here for installation instructions for the old Jaguar CDI with jumpers.
Click here for installation instructions for version 2 CDI with 3 on-board switches.
Click here for installation instructions for version 3 CDI with 5 on-board switches.
Click here for installation instructions for version 4 & 5 CDI (sales started July 2014).
Click here for installation instructions for version 6 (sales started May 2017).

Contact Michael:

19jaguar75 @ gmail.com (remove the spaces around @)


 
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